clock-glossary

Arabic Numerals:

 

 

 

 

 

Numeral style depicted on clock dial (1, 2, 3 etc.)

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

Access door:

 

 

 

 

 

Hinged doors or panel inserts on the upper sides of clocks, which allow access to the movement.

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

Bevelled glass:

 

 

 

 

 

Glass used on the sides and front of a clock case, which has its outside edges ground and polished at an angle greater than a right angle - providing a beautiful decorative effect.

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

Bob: 

 

 

 

 

 

The disc-shaped weight at the bottom of the pendulum. An adjustment nut at the end of the shaft raises or lowers the bob slightly, which adjusts the speed of the clock.

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

Bookmatched:  

 

 

 

 

 

Timber that is cut and folded open like a book so that the pattern mirrors each other on both sides of the cabinet thereby matching the grains so that the finish appears to be a mirror image. Bookmatching is typically seen on the crown of a Grandfather Clock. All Ridgeway Clock overlays and inlays are bookmatched.

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

Burl: 

 

 

 

 

 

Veneers made from trees that have knots in them. These veneers have a decorated irregular mottled pattern.

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

Cable-driven: 

 

 

 

 

 

A clock powered by weights which are suspended from a thin cable/pulley assembly. A crank or "key" inserted on the dial of the clock is used to raise the weights to the fully wound position.

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

Chain-driven: 

 

 

 

 

 

A clock powered by weights which are suspended from a linked chain. The free end of the chain is pulled down to raise the weights to the fully wound position.

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

Chime-selector: 

 

 

 

 

 

A step-up feature on many Grandfather Clocks which allows the chime tune or melody to be changed.

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

Chime rods: 

 

 

 

 

 

Stationary metal rods that when struck by small hammers create chimes and the striking sound on the hour.

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

Crotch: 

 

 

 

 

 

Where the limb comes off the tree and provides a unique pattern in the wood. This is achieved by an angle being formed by the parting of two branches.

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

Embossed:

 

 

 

 

 

To have a raised surface.

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

Escutcheon:

 

 

 

 

 

An ornamental plate around a keyhole or in the back of a handle or knob.

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

Finial: 

 

 

 

 

 

Decorative ornament, usually in wood or brass, placed on top of the clock cabinet. It is used most frequently in split pediment mantel and Grandfather Clocks.

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

Inlay:  

 

 

 

 

 

Creation of added wood design with the wood to enhance the look of a clock. These can be rare accents or designs using a variety of special timbers.

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

Moon Phase Dial: 

 

 

 

 

 

A dial usually found at the top of the clock face which tracks the moon's phases through the 29½ days of the lunar month. As the rotating moon dial passes the Eastern and Western hemispheres, the phases of the moon are represented as they appear at each stage of the cycle: new moon, waning crescent, half moon, etc.

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

Pendulum:

 

 

 

 

 

The time regulator of a mechanical clock. Adjusting the bob up or down provides time accuracy.

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

Roman Numerals: 

 

 

 

 

 

Numeral style used on clock dial (I, II, III, etc.)

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

Tempus Fugit:

 

 

 

 

 

"Time Flies" in Latin. These words are often inscribed on a decorative clock dial.

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

Veneer: 

 

 

 

 

 

A thin layer of wood that is of superior value and extraordinary grain.

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     

Weights: 

 

 

 

 

 

Provide the motive force which drives the clock mechanism in floor clocks. They have a weighted insert with a decorative shell.

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                          

                  

                 

         

                   

        

              

                      

                     

 

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